The Moses Mystery: The Egyptian Origins of the Jewish People
by Gary Greenberg
|● Table of contents ● read an excerpt ● Buy the book ●|
Courageous! Potentially a paradigm shift in biblical scholarship." -
Prof. Edgar Gregersen, Anthropology Dept., City
University of New York|
"Greenberg offers some engaging new insights into the age-old problem of the Moses story. This volume should be of interest to all those curious about the intimate links between ancient Egypt and Israel." - Prof. Robert Stieglitz, Dept. of Ancient Mediterranean Civilizations, Rutgers University
● Mr. Greenberg seems to delight in a game of scholarly gotcha' - NY Times
● An ingenious comparison of Biblical and Egyptian history. - St Louis Post-Dispatch
● Sure to provoke challenge and debate. - Denver-Post
● A must read for those interested in biblical scholarship. - Tennessee Tribune
●● Insightful and valuable - KMT Magazine
Where is the historical
evidence for ancient Israel's Exodus from Egypt?|
Sure to cause controversy in both academic and religious circles, The Moses Mystery examines the troubling question of why ancient Israel has no archaeological or documentary presence prior to and just after the Exodus from Egypt and challenges the conventional wisdom on the origins of the pre-Exodus Bible stories.
Although the bible says that Israel’s formative history took place in ancient Egypt, biblical scholars and Egyptologists have steadfastly refused to explore the role of Egyptian history and literature on the origins of Jewish religion. Greenberg attempts to set the record straight. Marshaling an astounding amount of research in the fields of biblical archaeology and Egyptian history, literature, and mythology, Greenberg shows that the first Israelites were native Egyptians and that the history of Israel before the Exodus is based almost entirely on Egyptian mythology.
Some of the many intriguing revelations in The Moses Mystery include
● The Twelve Tribes of Israel never existed.
● Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob were characters from Egyptian mythology. The biblical story of Jacob and Esau, for example, draws together several myths about the Egyptian gods Horus and Set (the feuding twin brothers who fought even in their mother's womb) and weaves them into a story about biblical patriarchs.
● The first Israelites were Egyptians, followers of Pharaoh Akhenaten, whose attempts to introduce monotheism into Egypt engendered rage among the religious establishment.
● Moses served as chief priest in Akhenaten's cult and, after Akhenaten's death, had to flee Egypt to avoid execution.
● Pharaoh Horemheb waged a bitter campaign to eradicate all vestiges of Akhenaten's heresy, eliminating the evidence stone by stone and word by word. As a result, Akhenaten remained lost to history until nineteenth—century Egyptologists discovered the ruins of his capital city.
● When Horemheb died, Moses returned to Egypt, united his followers with other enemies of Egypt, and attempted to seize the throne from Ramesses I. The coup failed, but to avoid a civil war Moses and his allies were allowed sale passage out of Egypt. This was the real Exodus.
● After entering Canaan, the Egyptian followers of Moses formed military alliances with local Canaanite kings and with some of the recently arrived Greek invaders known as the Sea Peoples. This nontribal alliance of small kingdoms and city-states became biblical Israel.
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